Episode 2: Acts 1:6-11

In this episode we take a closer look at Acts chapter one verses six through 11?




Show Notes

Who is the main speaker in Acts 1:6-11?
Jesus is the main speaker but there are several others in this short section of Scripture.
In verse six what are the disciples expecting?
“It seems to me”, St John Chrysostom comments, “that they had not any clear notion of the nature of the Kingdom, for the Spirit had not yet instructed them. Notice that they do not ask when it shall come but ‘Will you at this time restore the Kingdom to Israel?’, as if the Kingdom were something that lay in the past. This question shows that they were still attracted by earthly things, though less than they had been” (Hom. on Acts, 2)

The Acts of the Apostles, The Navarre Bible (Dublin; New York: Four Courts Press; Scepter Publishers, 2005), 23.

In verse seven why does Jesus respond to them the way he does?
Does Jesus’ response help the disciples understand anything more clearly? If yes, what so?
During his earthly life Jesus had denied such knowledge even for himself (Mark 13:32). In denying such knowledge to the disciples, the hope in the Parousia is not abandoned.26 If anything, it is intensified by the vivid picture of Jesus returning on the clouds of heaven in the same mode as his ascension (Acts 1:11).

Neither did Jesus reject the concept of the “restoration of Israel.” Instead, he “depoliticized it” with the call to a worldwide mission. The disciples were to be the true, “restored” Israel, fulfilling its mission to be a “light for the Gentiles” so that God’s salvation might reach “to the ends of the earth” (Isa 49:6). In short, to speculate on times and dates is useless. The Lord’s return does not revolve around such speculation but around God’s own purposes, and those purposes embrace the salvation of the world.

The surest route to the Parousia is the evangelization of the world.

John B. Polhill, Acts, vol. 26, The New American Commentary (Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1992), 84–86.

Why make the distinction between times and seasons (or dates or periods in some versions)
 The Greek word for times (chronous) basically describes duration of times, and the word for dates (kairous) refers to both length of times and kinds of times (as in, e.g., “hard times”). The disciples were not … to know either the times or the critical periods the Father had set by His … authority. Later, further revelation would be made concerning these (cf. 1 Thes. 5:1).

Stanley D. Toussaint, “Acts,” in The Bible Knowledge Commentary: An Exposition of the Scriptures, ed. J. F. Walvoord and R. B. Zuck, vol. 2 (Wheaton, IL: Victor Books, 1985), 354.

In verse eight the word recieved is translated a numerous amount of ways.


But the word behind them all is used 258 times in the NT.  There are 26 different senses of the word recieve in the NT, but the sense behind verse eight is the simplest.
Another important word is verse eight is power.
It is the GK word dynamis, which can also mean ability.

dýnamis, the most important word in the group, means “ability,” then “possibility,” then “power” both physical and intellectual or spiritual.

Gerhard Kittel, Gerhard Friedrich, and Geoffrey William Bromiley, Theological Dictionary of the New Testament (Grand Rapids, MI: W.B. Eerdmans, 1985), 187.

This is not the first time this command is given to the disciples.
The promise of the Holy Spirit for empowering the witness of the disciples is found also in John 15:26–27.

Mikeal C. Parsons, Acts, Paideia Commentaries on The New Testament (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2008), 28.

As part of his command Jesus lists three areas in which the disciples are to be witnesses. Why?
In verse ten who were the two men in white robes?
 The NT often identifies angels by their bright white clothing, (cf. Luke 24:4; John 20:12). Angels appeared at His birth, His temptation, in Gethsemane, at the tomb, and here at His ascension.

Robert James Utley, Luke the Historian: The Book of Acts, vol. Volume 3B, Study Guide Commentary Series (Marshall, TX: Bible Lessons International, 2003), 14.


What was the point the angels were trying to make?


That Jesus was going to come back! He was not going away permanently. 1 Thessalonians 5 discusses Christs’ return.


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